Medical-Surgical Nursing Critical Thinking In Patient Care Test Bank

 

LeMone/Burke/Bauldoff,

 Medical-Surgical Nursing 

 5th Edition Test Bank Copyright 2011 by Pearson Education, Inc.

Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

 Nursing Process: Implementation

Learning Outcome:

1. Discuss risk factors associated with substance abuse.

Question 2

Type:

MCSA The mother of a patient admitted with alcohol abuse tells the nurse that alcohol is not consumed at home and the patient is adopted. The nurse realizes that

1.

the patient’s biological parents might have abus

ed alcohol.

2.

the patient spent time drinking with friends.

3.

consuming alcohol is a symptom of stress.

4.

alcoholism is a learned behavior.

Correct Answer:

1

Rationale 1

: Genetic studies have been performed that suggest heredity plays a role in the development

of alcoholism. Since the patient was adopted, the patient’s biological parents may have abused alcohol.

Rationale 2

: There is not enough information to support that the patient is spending time drinking with friends.

Rationale 3

: There is not enough information to support that the patient is consuming alcohol as a symptom of stress.

Rationale 4

: There is also not enough evidence to support this patient’s alcohol use as being a learned

 behavior.

Global Rationale:

Genetic studies have been performed that suggest heredity plays a role in the

development of alcoholism. Since the patient was adopted, the patient’s biological parents may have

abused alcohol. There is not enough information to support that the patient is spending time drinking with friends or the patient is consuming alcohol as a symptom of stress. There is also not enough

evidence to support this patient’s alcohol use as being a learned behavior.

Cognitive Level:

Analyzing

Client Need:

Psychosocial Integrity

Client Need Sub: Nursing/Integrated Concepts:

 Nursing Process: Assessment

Learning Outcome:

1. Discuss risk factors associated with substance abuse.

Question 3


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