Christian, Islam, And Judaism
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Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
Every religion has its own goal, and their own path and believe to reach their goals, however there are also many similarities in believes. Although the followers of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam may see things differently, they all fundamentally hold the same values and codes. To Islam, the Prophet Mohammad’s teaching is a complete and final revelation. On the other hand, according to the bible, Christianity believes that Jesus Christ is the true lord and savior will grant you the access to heaven in the afterlife. Judaism is founded by Abraham, and it is the base from which both of the other two religions sprung. Even though the three religions differ in many areas and on many aspects, they also agree on the monotheistic, the belief in ‘One True God.’ Those religions have many similarities and a number of significant differences about God, role of women, prayer, and salvation.
The conception of God in Christianity, Judaism, and Islam is monotheism, the belief in the existence of a single indivisible God. The three of religions maintains that there is only one God, who is active in and concerned about the world. These religions are also patriarchal, male-dominated, which has resulted in God being described as “He.” However, how Christians, Judaism and Islam conceptualize God in their respective theologies is actually quite different. In Christianity, God is the supreme creator and ruler of the universe. Christians believe God is infinite, omnipotent, all-powerful, perfect, personal, eternal, unchanging, holy, all-knowing, and all-loving. Their idea of God is shown in the belief of the Trinity. God is one, but with three aspects: God is Father, the creator, ruler, and sustainer of all life, and divine judge; God is the Son, who is Jesus, God made incarnate and savior of humanity; and the Holy Spirit, who is God working in the world. Both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus, however, the major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians insistence on the supposed divinity of Christ. In Christian scriptures, God never claimed divinity while the emphasis in the Islamic theology of God is “absolute unity;” God is sublimely one. Muslims think that by believing in the Trinity, Christians believe in three Gods. For them, God is One God. Judaism views the existence of God as a necessary prerequisite for the existence of the universe, and the existence of the universe is sufficient proof of the existence of God.
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Like Islam, Judaism also believes that there is only one God, no other being participated in the work of creation. With them, God is the only being to whom they should offer praise, no other is their God, and they should not pray to any other. They believe that everything in the universe was created by God and only God.
Prayer is to speak to God, to put ourselves in touch with God, remind us of His greatness, goodness. Christianity, Judaism, and Islam thought that through praying they are allowed to come into the presence if the Creator and Sustainer of the university, however, there are the differences in the purposes of prayer. Prayer is an important theme in Christianity. Prayer is the one way that Christians can commune with God on a daily basis. It is absolutely necessary that the Christian spend time in earnest prayer. To Christians, prayer is a meaningful act; they realize the full blessings that are available through prayer. They believe that God does hear and answer their prayers. They think that prayer can helps them to overcome temptation, to realize those things with they need and desire, to help others to get well, to be forgiven, and to overcome sin, etc. For Judaism, the word “pray” means “divine” and emphasizes the One to whom prayer is director. With Jewish, prayer is an integral part of everyday life. One of the purposes of prayer is to increase their awareness of God in their life, and the role that God plays in their life. The most important part of any Jewish prayer is the introspection it provides, the moment that they spend looking inside ourselves, seeing their role in the universe and their relationship to God. For Islam, the main purpose of prayer is to lead one to do good, to refrain from evil and to behave better towards others.
In Christianity and Islam, it is people's sin that places them in danger of punishment after death. Sin and salvation are central categories in Christian theology and spirituality. Christianity teaches that the effects of original sin have corrupted the world and the human beings who exist in it. They believe that all human beigns are born into the world with a sinful nature because of the transgression of Adam. Being saved, in Christianity, individuals are thought of as being saved from eternal punishment through Jesus’ death on the cross. Although Islam and Judaism acknowledges that man does commit acts of sin, there is not a sense of man being totally depraved or unworthy as is found in Christian theology. In Islam, there is no such a thing as original sin. According to Islamic belief, Adam’s and Eve’s sins were fully forgiving so that their sin had no repercussions for the rest of human race. Because of their thoughts, they see that there is no need for salvation. Judaism also holds no concept of original sin. Judaism’s emphasis is in not on original sin but original virtue and righteousness. According to Judaism and Islamic beliefs, atonement is also necessary. Atonement is accomplished by sacrifices, penitence, personal righteousness, good deeds and little of God’s grace.
The three religions agree on one basic fact; both women and men are created by God, the Creator of the whole universe. However, the image of Eve as temptress in the Bible has resulted in an extremely negative impact on women in those three traditions. All women were believed to have inherited from their mother, Eve, both her guilt and her guile. Consequently, there were all untrustworthy, morally inferior, and wicked. Menstruation, pregnancy and childbearing were considered the punishment for the eternal guilt. With Christians, there was always a prejudice against women and they were considered inferior to men owing to certain aspects such as physical strength and nature. With them, the reason why the man dominates in society is his superior intelligence. Only the man is a full human being; the male is higher, the female lower, that the male rules the female is ruled. In Islam, women’s economic reliance on men, they believe that men should always be in charge over women. In Islamic tradition, the women’s primary role is a wife, and mother. In traditional Judaism, women are for the most part seen as separate but equal. Women’s obligations and responsibilities are different from men’s, but no less important. In Judaism, God has never been viewed as exclusively male of masculine. Judaism has always maintained that God has both masculine and feminine qualities. With them, both man and woman were created in the image of God. According to traditional Judaism, women are endowed with a greater degree of intuition, understanding, and intelligence than men. Women have held positions of respect in Judaism since biblical times. However, through various time, we can see the various descriptions about women. Women are also described as lazy, jealous, vain and witchcraft. Men are repeatedly advised against associating with women. Women are discouraged from pursuing higher education or religious pursuits. In traditional Judaism, like in Islamic tradition, the primary role of a woman is as wife, mother, and keeper of the household. For Judaism, the woman’s role is as important as the man’s.
Although, there are a lot of similarities in believe between Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, there are still a lot of significant differences. Through the differences and similarities between the conceptions about God, prayer, salvation and role of women in Christianity, Islam, and Judaism, we understand more about the way they live their lives. With me, every religion have their own good points and goals, even though their path and their beliefs are different. As long as any religion which teaches us to follow the good, and avoid the evil, then no religion is bad.
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Judaism, Islam, Christianity - ComparisonQUESTION: Judaism, Islam, Christianity comparison - Are there similarities?
Judaism, Islam, Christianity comparison - Are there similarities? You are given the choice of learning to play one of three instruments: violin, oud, or piano. Most individuals are familiar with two of the choices. An oud is a short-necked fretless lute with five (or six) double-courses of strings tuned in fourths and traditionally played with an eagle's quill. The oud is valued as the "prince of instruments" by the Arabs. All three instruments have strings, are classical by design, and produce melodic results when mastered. Could you select an instrument based on these similarities? Judaism, Islam, or Christianity -- all believe in an omniscient God, prophets, and life after death. Again, what similarities would affect your choice?
Let us examine these three monotheistic religions which are based on faith in God. Judaism believes there is one God who cannot be made up of parts. To attempt to divide God's oneness is seen as a pagan throwback to many gods. Islam embraces an immaterial, invisible God -- one to be intensely feared in His omnipotence. God could not have children (or a Son) for this blurs the divine/human distinction of an Ultimate God. Christians hold fast to the trinity of God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit. To Christians, God gives a revelation of Himself through the flesh, Jesus Christ, God Incarnate.
Judaism, Islam, Christianity comparison -- Are there similarities in their prophets? All three religions acknowledge that Moses was a prophet of God. The prophets of Israel and Judah are one of the most amazing groups of individuals in all history. The Islamic faith eagerly awaits the return of the Prophet Jesus born by a miracle of God without a father. The Prophet Mohammed's words give an account of the signs that will precede the coming of Jesus. Through Christianity, the prophets confirmed that God is sovereign over history and is working out His purposes in accordance with an overall plan, sometimes indiscernible, but always in the hands of the Lord.
Judaism, Islam, Christianity comparison-- Are there similarities in their holy books? In Judaism, the people saw God's initiative at work in every step of their corporate existence. Yahweh (God) had called Abraham to father a chosen people of destiny. In Exodus, God used the Prophet Moses to affirm His power, goodness, and concern for history. The Ten Commandments established the moral foundations for human behavior. For traditional Jews, the commandments (mitzvoth) and Jewish law (halacha) are still binding. Judaism places the emphasis of serving God upon the Torah. In one sense, the oral Torah can never be regarded as completed, for with the changes in civilization there are always new situations to which it has to be applied. The Torah is generally considered to have received its definitive form in the Talmud and the Midrashim, the official, main devotional expositions of the Old Testament books.
If a Muslim were asked to summarize the way Islam counsels people to live, the answer might be: It teaches them to walk the straight path. God's revelation to humankind, they say, has proceeded through great stages: God revealed the truth of His oneness through the Prophet Abraham; God revealed the Ten Commandments through the Prophet Moses; God revealed the Golden Rule through the Prophet Jesus. The Books of God include the Jewish Torah, David's Psalms, the New Testament, and the Qur'an. All four are revelations from God, but each replaces the previous one. The Qur'an is the last, and therefore, the final and best word from God.
In Christianity, the Bible (Old and New Testaments) is the only book that reveals the mind of God, the state of man, the way of salvation, the consequences of sin, and the origin and destiny of all things. The first person whom the Bible calls a prophet was Abraham. But Moses established the standard of comparison for all future prophets, having received a specific and personal call from God (Exodus 3). In Luke 4:14-21, Jesus Christ reveals that He is fulfilling the prophet Isaiah's words (Isaiah 61:1-2). Both Judaism and Islam are similar in that they do not recognize Jesus as the Son of God or His sacrifice for the forgiveness of sin (crucifixion).
Judaism, Islam, Christianity comparison -- Are there similarities or one main difference? The prophet Isaiah paints a prophetic portrait of Jesus Christ, the Messiah (Isaiah 53). All the other prophets' remains have decayed. Only Jesus Christ's tomb remains empty (Luke 24:25-27, 44). What choice is there indeed?
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